A great big welcome
to all new subscribers, also let me wish all of you everything of the best
We spent Christmas
in the Kruger Park and experienced temperatures in the high 30's (Celsius,
that is!) Thank goodness for aircon in the bungalows and in the car! We
had Christmas lunch in the Skukuza Restaurant, click
here to see the menu. On the way to the Park we made some stops
to take pics of some of the local
waterfalls. In the Park we had good wildlife sightings,
click here to take a look at the pics.
I would like to
start off the new year with some nice curry recipes. Curry 'n' rice is one
of my favourite dishes, in fact, if I have the choice I usually choose a
curry dish over any other dish on the menu. The 5 recipes below come from
Anna Eksteen's Recipe eBook, The Best 5 of All Dishes,
click here for details on how to get a copy.
For even more curry
recipes. visit my
Curry Recipes page.
Just to let you
know that the UK Lottery has a
£9 million rollover
jackpot this Saturday,
That's nearly R100 million Rand! sheesshh!!! get your ticket
Search my website,
type in any key word and if that word is on my site you will see it in
the results, search for recipes, ingredients, place names etc
I have always liked cheese, in fact, Welsh rarebit is one of my
favourite dishes, I can remember asking for Welsh rabbit when I was
much younger, lol. When I was on relief staff for the bank I used to
live out of hotels and the cheese and biscuits with coffee was the
perfect ending to a meal! So when I found this article on cheese, I
just had to include it, enjoy:
The history of
The history of
cheese is as old as that of the human species and is linked to the
taming of domestic animals 10,000 years before Christ. The roots of
cheese making are not known with certainty. It is believed though ,
that it originated in Mesopotamia, where it was produced approximately
8,000 years ago. It is very likely that its production was completely
accidental, occurring during the transport of milk in the stomachs of
References to cheese are made in many ancient and classic texts. Even
in mythology, it is said that the Gods sent Aristaios, the son of
Apollo, to teach the Greeks how to make cheese, while in Homers
Odyssey we learn of the Cyclop Polyfimo and his cheese-making
It appears that cheese making came to Europe with the Aryans, nomadic
cattle-breeders of Central Asia. Records concerning the production and
consumption of cheese in Ancient Greece appear in abundance, such as
in Aristotles, Pythagorass and many ancient comedy writers works.
Cheese making presented great development in the Roman period by the
Romans, who brought cheese-making techniques to areas where it was
unknown. In Ancient Rome a rich cheese market existed, with aromas,
spices and a variety of flavours, while the next chapters of the
period are surprisingly full of accurate detailed methodology of
From the middle Ages one can observe the first steps that were taken
for the introduction of cheese-making associations, whilst from the
14th century cheese production had taken on the form of an industry.
Cheese possesses great nutritional value and is rich in proteins,
calcium and vitamins, elements essential for the proper development of
the human organism.
Depending on the method of production, cheese contains between 10-30%
protein. It is the richest food in proteins, especially hard cheese,
the protein content of which (30%) surpasses that of meat (20%). For
this reason, cheese has great biological value and is recommended for
its nutritional value for children, that who have a greater
requirement for amino acids than adults.
Cheese also contains fat and salt. The fat, depending on the type of
cheese can vary from 0% in some fresh cheeses to up to 35% in some
cream enriched cheeses.
The salt complements the taste of the cheese and helps to preserve it.
Cheese is also an excellent source of calcium. The content of calcium
in the cheese depends on the variety, as well as the moisture it
contains and the method of manufacturing used. The calcium in cheese,
just as the calcium in milk, is easily absorbed by the human organism.
It is also worth noting that cheese also contains vitamins A, D and E.
The energy value of cheese varies from 100 calories up to 350 calories
(in hard cheese) per 100 g.
For all of the above reasons, cheese today in Greece is a food in
itself (we are the first in the consumption of cheese in the world ,
with 25 kilos per head annually). In the rest of Europe cheese is
consumed mainly as a dessert or an appetizer.
Types of Cheese
There are various methods of categorizing cheese:
1. Depending on the type of milk or the combination of different types
of milk that are used in its manufacture.
2. Depending on the maturation method and the moisture content, it can
be categorized into:
VERY HARD (Parmesan, dry Mizythra, Vizes etc.)
HARD (Kefalotyri, Graviera, Cheddar, Emmental etc.)
SEMI-HARD (Kasseri, Gouda, Edam, Roquefort etc.)
SOFT (Feta, Telemes, Camembert, Mizythra, Manouri, Cottage, Cream
Are you concerned about all the additional expense at the beginning of
the school year?
Barclaycard is back in South Africa! Get yours online now and settle
all expenses over 12 months on budget account!
School science class four worms were placed into four separate jars. The
first worm was put into a jar of alcohol. The second worm was put into a
jar of cigarette smoke. The third worm was put into a jar of sperm. The
fourth worm was put into a jar of soil. After one day, these were the
results: The first worm in alcohol --- dead. The second worm in cigarette
smoke --- dead. The third worm in sperm --- dead. The fourth worm in soil
--- alive. So the science teacher asked the class --- "What can you learn
from this experiment." Little Johnny quickly raised his hand and said. "As
long as you drink, smoke and have sex, you won't have worms!"
following makes some good reading,, something to live by in 2005!
Several times my daughter had telephoned to say, "Mother, you must come
see the daffodils before they are over."
I wanted to go, but it was a two-hour drive from Laguna to Lake Arrowhead.
"I will come next Tuesday, " I promised, a little reluctantly, on her
Next Tuesday dawned cold and rainy. Still, I had promised, and so I drove
When I finally walked into Carolyn's house and hugged and greeted my
grandchildren, I said, "Forget the daffodils, Carolyn! The road is
invisible in the clouds and fog, and there is nothing in the world except
you and these children that I want to see bad enough to drive another
My daughter smiled calmly and said, " We drive in this all the time,
"Well, you won't get me back on the road until it clears, and then I'm
heading for home!" I assured her.
"I was hoping you'd take me over to the garage to pick up my car. "How far
will we have to drive?"
"Just a few blocks," Carolyn said. "I'll drive. I'm used to this."
After several minutes, I had to ask,
"Where are we going? This isn't the way to the garage!"
"We're going to my garage the long way," Carolyn smiled, "by way of the
"Carolyn," I said sternly, "please turn around."
"It's all right, Mother, I promise. You will never forgive yourself if you
miss this experience."
After about twenty minutes, we turned onto a small gravel road and I saw a
On the far side of the church, I saw a hand-lettered sign that read,
We got out of the car and each took a child's hand, and I followed Carolyn
down the path.
Then, we turned a corner of the path, and I looked up and gasped.
Before me lay the most glorious sight.
It looked as though someone had taken a great vat of gold and poured it
down over the mountain peak and slopes.
The flowers were planted in majestic, swirling patterns - great ribbons
and swaths of deep orange, white, lemon yellow, salmon pink, saffron, and
Each different-colored variety was planted as a group so that it swirled
and flowed like its own river with its own unique hue.
There were five acres of flowers.
"But who has done this?" I asked Carolyn.
"It's just one woman," Carolyn answered. "She lives on the property.
That's her home."
Carolyn pointed to a well-kept A-frame house that looked small and modest
in the midst of all that glory.
We walked up to the house.
On the patio, we saw a poster. "Answers to the Questions I Know You Are
Asking" was the headline.
The first answer was a simple one. "50,000 bulbs," it read. The second
answer was, "one at a time, by one woman. Two hands, two feet, and very
The third answer was, "Began in 1958."
There it was.......
The Daffodil Principle.
For me, that moment was a life-changing experience.
I thought of this woman whom I had never met, who, more than thirty-five
years before, had begun - one bulb at a time - to bring her vision of
beauty and joy to an obscure mountain top.
Just planting one bulb at a time, year after year, this unknown woman had
forever changed the world in which she lived.
She had created something of ineffable magnificence, beauty, and
The principle her daffodil garden taught is one of the greatest principles
That is, learning to move toward our goals and desires one step at a time
- often just one
baby-step at a time - and learning to love the doing, learning to use the
accumulation of time.
When we multiply tiny pieces of time with small increments of daily
effort, we too will
find we can accomplish magnificent things.
We can change the world.
"It makes me sad in a way," I admitted to Carolyn. "What might I have
accomplished if I had thought of a wonderful goal thirty-five years ago
and had worked away at it 'one bulb at a time' through all those years.
Just think what I might have been able to achieve!"
My daughter summed up the message of the day in her direct way. "Start
tomorrow," she said.
monthly short term insurance premium,
free online quotation! And while you are busy,
click here and apply online for your Barclaycard or Manchester
Herb Section - Rosemary
Aromatic rosemary is one of the oldest known herbs with many uses.
Rosemary is regarded as a sacred herb associated with many old
legends. One such legend is that the Virgin Mary, on her flight
into Egypt, threw her blue cloak over a rosemary bush to dry after
washing it, and the bush honoured her by producing blue flowers.
Rosemary prefers well drained, sandy and light soil, and loves a
sunny position either in the garden or a huge pot. It is a quick
growing plant, reaching heights of 60 - 180 cm. It makes a lovely
hedge planted around the herb garden.
Rosemary and sage love to be planted alongside each other.
Rosemary repels carrot fly, but attracts bees and butterflies to
DOMESTIC USES: Makes an excellent pot-pourri. It is very
decorative when added to wreaths
Rosemary scattered on a braai fire, gives a lovely flavour to your
chops, and also repels insects from around the braai.
COSMETIC USES: A fusion of rosemary and water makes a lovely hair
rinse, and is good for eczema of the scalp. 50g of flowering
rosemary tips boiled in 500ml white wine for 2 minutes, makes a
lovely skin tonic, and is said to help remove freckles and
MEDICINAL USES: Rosemary tea relieves physical and mental strain
and is an ideal tonic for convalescents. A 1/4 cup of fresh
rosemary tips boiled in a cup of water, taken morning and night
for no more than 4 days. A tablespoon of the fusion taken before
each meal, eases indigestion and aids the liver functions.
Rosemary in wine is also good for sore throats.
CULINARY USES: Rosemary leaves are a delicious flavouring for
lamb, bean and tomato dishes, but should be used sparingly. Use
the twigs, stripped of their leaves, for kebab skewers or for
braaiing onions and green peppers.
10ml Lemon Juice
10ml Finely Chopped Rosemary or 5ml Dried
Freshly Ground Black Pepper
1. Cream the butter, then add the lemon juice, rosemary, salt and
2. Shape into a long roll and chill
3. Slice as required
This butter is delicious with boiled new potatoes, patty pans,
baby marrow, on grilled lamb or pork chops, or as a spread for hot
Thanks to everyone who has mailed us fridge magnets depicting your
State, City or Country.
If you collect fridge magnets, I will gladly swop with you!
email me and we can make arrangements. Thanx a lot!
My website is
interactive, there are a few pages you can contribute to:
Cocktails - I am now also
collecting typically South African
Cocktails, if you have any to contribute, please email me.
Elephant Stew -
add your suggestion
Sarmies - add your fav sarmie (some great
sarmie ideas here!)
Animal Facts - Some interesting stuff
a caption - new pic added
Discussion Forum -
Add to a current discussion or start a new thread.
Why not post a message on the
Discussion Forum. The topic can be food, wildlife, travel or
photography related, or anything else of interest. Let's see if we can
get some interesting discussions going
PORK AND APRICOT
1kg boneless thick rib of pork, cubed
15ml cooking oil
2 onions, chopped
1 clove garlic, crushed
25ml curry powder
250ml apricot juice
3 large tomatoes, peeled and chopped
50ml lemon juice
1 green apple, cored and sliced
75g dried apricots
3 bay leaves
freshly ground black pepper
Brown meat in heated oil in a heavy-based saucepan. Add onion and garlic.
Sautι until transparent. Add curry and fry for 1 minute. Heat tomatoes,
apricot juice and lemon juice. Add to meat with the remaining ingredients.
Reduce heat, cover and simmer for ± 1 hour. Remove lid and simmer for
additional 5 minutes or till thick.
2 cinnamon sticks
1 large onion, chopped
2.5ml minced garlic
12ml mild curry powder
4-6 chicken breasts
500ml chicken stock
salt and pepper to taste
10ml lemon juice
100ml cream or yogurt
2-3 ripe avocados, sliced
Stir-fry the cinnamon, onion, garlic and curry powder in the heated oil
for a few minutes, push to one side. Dust the chicken breasts with the
flour and fry on both sides until brown, in the same pan. Add chicken
stock, chutney, salt, pepper and lemon juice. Bring to the boil and
simmer, covered, for 20-25 minutes. Remove lid and add cream or yogurt.
Stir through. Add sliced avocado and simmer for 2-3 minutes.
420g cooked hot rice
30ml low fat spread
150g onion, chopped
100g green pepper, chopped
100g carrot, thinly sliced
20ml curry powder
7.5ml lemon juice
150g apple, chopped
750g hake or kingklip fillets, cut into cubes
salt and pepper to taste
Melt the low fat spread and sautι the onion, pepper, carrot and curry
powder for 5 minutes. Stir in the flour and cook for 1 minute. Gradually
blend in the water and lemon juice. Heat, stirring, until the sauce
thickens. Add the apple and fish, then season to taste with salt and
pepper. Cover and simmer for 20-25 minutes. Transfer to a hot serving dish
225g onions, sliced
1 clove garlic, crushed
15ml mustard seeds
1 cooking apple, peeled and chopped
5ml ground turmeric
2.5cm piece fresh root ginger, peeled, grated
5ml ground cumin
2ml chilli powder
grated rind and juice of ½ lemon
salt and freshly ground pepper
225g potatoes, peeled and diced
225g carrots, peeled and sliced
225g tomatoes, skinned and roughly chopped
225g cauliflower florets
300g button mushrooms, halved
225g green beans, sliced
50g shelled Brazil nuts
15ml grated fresh coconut
Heat the oil in a large pan. Add onions, garlic, apple and ginger. Fry
gently for 5 minutes, stirring occasionally. Add spices and fry gently 3
minutes more, stirring. Add stock, bring to the boil, stirring, until the
sauce thickens slightly. Add the lemon rind and juice and season to taste,
lower the heat and simmer for 2 minutes. Now add the potatoes, carrots and
tomatoes. Cover the pan and simmer for 10 minutes more. Finally, add the
cauliflower, beans, mushrooms, sultanas, and nuts. Cover and simmer for a
further 10 minutes or until the vegetables are just tender but still crisp
and not broken. Adjust seasoning. Sprinkle with coconut.
THAI STYLE PRAWN
AND PUMPKIN CURRY
15ml olive oil
250g pumpkin, peeled and chopped
20 large prawns, shelled and cleaned
800ml (2 cans) coconut milk
with tails intact
15ml red curry paste
2ml fish sauce
chillies to taste, chopped fresh coriander (optional)
Heat oil in a wok, and add red curry paste. Stir for 1 minute, until the
paste releases its fragrance and is sizzling. Add coconut milk and sugar.
Simmer for a few minutes before adding fish sauce. Add pumpkin and boil
for 1 minute. Reduce heat and simmer until pumpkin is soft. Drop in prawns
and cook briefly. Scatter chopped chilli (and/or coriander leaves) over
curry. Serve with steamed basmati or jasmine rice or with Thai rice
It is said that the
tastiest and most popular curry is mutton curry. Personally I feel is it a
bit too fatty, I prefer beef curry. Here is the mutton curry recipe, try
it for yourself!
500g mutton (bite-size pieces)
3 cardamom pods (peeled)
1 star aniseed (broken up)
1 bayleaf (crumbled)
3 small pieces cinnamon sticks
1 tsp fennel seeds
1 large onion (chopped)
1 sprig curry leaf
2 tsp ginger paste
2 tsp garlic paste
2 tsp salt
Ό tsp turmeric
3 tsp coriander (dhania powder)
3 tsp cumin (jeera powder)
5 tsp chilli powder
½ tsp garam masala
4 cups hot water
6 even-sized potatoes (size of large eggs)
30ml tomato puree
2 tbs fresh coriander (chopped dhania)
1. Heat oil and then add spices for a few seconds
2. Stir in meat and allow to sautι
3. Turn down heat and cover saucepan
4. Cook until meat begins to fry up
5. Add the onion, curry leaves, ginger, garlic and salt
6. Allow onion to soften, then stir in rest of the spices until meat is
7. Add the water and potatoes
8. Bring to a boil, then turn down to moderate heat
9. Cook until tender, then add tomato puree and stir gently
10. Simmer until ready to serve
11. Garnish with dhania
When I was still
working in the bank, we used to send out to a small curry take-out shop
every Friday for a pot full of the tastiest breyani and the whole
department would share it for lunch. If you have never tasted breyani
before, give it a try, you won't be sorry.
500ml (2 cups) uncooked rice
6 x 250ml (6 cups) water
4 sticks cinnamon
6 elatchi (cardamom pods, seeds only)
125ml (½ cup) black lentils (masoor)
750g (6 portions) line fish, barracuda preferred
60ml (Ό cup) lemon juice
3 tsp turmeric powder
10ml (2 tsp) salt
250ml (1 cup) plain yoghurt
375ml (1½ cup) grated tomatoes
25ml (2 tbs) garlic paste
3 stems curry leaves
25ml (2 tbs) fresh mint, chopped
25ml dhania/jeera (cumin) powder
10ml (2 tsp) turmeric powder
25ml chilli powder
salt to taste
190ml (Ύ cup) ghee
2 large onions, sliced
15ml (3 tsp) soumph (fennel)
5ml (1 tsp) jeera (cumin seeds)
5ml sarso (mustard seeds)
3ml (½ tsp) methi (fenugreek seeds)
6 green chillies
6 hard-boiled eggs
25ml (2 tbs) boiling water
125ml (½ cup) hot water
1. Place uncooked rice and water in a pot
2. Add cloves, cinnamon, elatchie and salt
3. Bring to the boil for 15 minutes and drain the half-cooked rice
4. Wash lentils and boil until half cooked (about 20 minutes). Drain and
5. Wash and drain fish portions
6. Combine lemon juice and turmeric powder and smear over fish
7. Heat oil and fry fish slightly, just to firm
8. Heat ghee in a fairly large pot and fry onions until slightly golden.
Remove onions with draining spoon and keep aside
9. Add soumph, jeera, sarso, methi and green chillies to remaining ghee in
the pot and fry for one minute
10. Stir in yoghurt and spice mixture (combination of grated tomato,
garlic, curry leaves, mint, dhania, turmeric powder, chilli powder and
11. Bring to the boil and sprinkle half the lentils. Place fish in a
single layer and sprinkle half of the fried onions
12. Combine the rest of the lentils with the rice and spread over fried
13. Pour the half cup of water around the inside of pot
14. Cover pot tightly and place in hot oven for 25 minutes at 200°C
Add the remaining fried onions, eggs and the saffron liquid (mixture of
saffron and the 2 tbs of boiling water)